Originally known as “New Rome,” the city was later renamed “Constantinople” for its imperial founder. When the Roman Empire had expanded around the Mediterranean the Roman armies had inherited the massive burden to defend the frontiers against foreign invaders. It had religious significance. Rome had become a periphery and Diocletian's choice of Nicomedia in the east was difficult to defend. St. He won a famous battle there. Romans had a habit of naming cities after themselves; to then move the capital of the empire there was a huge statement in imperial ideology: Constantine was not just emperor, he was effectively the Empire as well. St. Constantine chose the city of Byzantium for his Nova Roma. Septimius rebuilt the city after becoming the emperor, and within no time Byzantium regained its former prosperity. Chronology of Byzantine Empire (330-1453 A.D.) 330 AD: Constantine founds the new capital of the Roman Empire on the existing site of the ancient Greek city Byzantium: Byzantium was renamed Constantinople and it would become the capital of the Byzantine Empire. answers Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire because of how dangerous it was to live in. Constantine put a great deal of money and effort into turning his new capital into a great city. • He was the first Christian emperor, but did not convert to the religion until shortly before his death. Rome had become a periphery and Diocletian's choice of Nicomedia in the east was difficult to defend. Why did Constantine transfer the capital of the Roman Empire from its namesake city to Byzantium? He was born there. The Byzantine Empire, sometimes referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in the east during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, originally founded as Byzantium ). Byzantium also symbolized a break from Constantine's predecessors. Sort by. NEED THE RIGHT ANSWER FAST Why did Constantine move the capital city to Byzantium? report. It eventually came to number perhaps a half-million—some would say a million—by A.D. 500. Edit: One other point to consider is individual hubris. Similarly one may ask, why did Constantine move from Rome? Under Constantine, the city was vastly expanded. In 324 AD, after a long and bloody battle, Roman Emperor Constantine the Great defeated his final rival Licinius in the hills near Byzantium (ancient Istanbul).Being a noble-hearted conqueror, Constantine spared the treacherous Licinius's life. Constantine spared no expense in building his new capital. Constantine the Great also legalized Christianity, which had previously been persecuted in the Roman Empire. He decided to establish a capital, “New Rome,” which would be Christian in nature from the start. The founding of Constantinople led to it becoming the focal point of the Silk Trade Routes and to Istanbul becoming a major city in the world. While the Western Roman Empire fell, the Eastern Roman Empire, now known as the Byzantine Empire, thrived. Constantine made a major difference here. Aroun… Firstly, Byzantium was closer to the center of the empire making control easier. ... fighting erupted and went out into the streets destroying much of the city; fighting lasted a week, city in flames This victory had repercussions that were to affect the city's development enormously. There would be no pagan gods. Originally known as “New Rome,” the city was later renamed “Constantinople” for its imperial founder. 92% Upvoted. 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