_____________________________________________________________________________. Smartphones should come with health warnings. Skull shape is a proxy for feeding, behavior, and phenotypic differentiation, allowing us to ask whether populations can be distinguished and whether patterns of variation indicate adaptability to changing environmental conditions Doctors say the bump could come from constantly bending the neck at unnatural Tell the others three reasons why. NY 10036. H_ s__ d : " I h_v_ b__ n _ c l_n_c__ n f_r 2 0 y__ r s , _n d _n l y _n t h_ l_s t d_c_d_, _n c r__ s_n g l y , I h_v_ b__ n d_s c_v_r_n g t h_t m y p_t__ n t s h_v_ t h_s g r_w t h _n t h_ s k_l l . " The shape of a person’s skull has just as little impact on his or her thinking as the color of their eyes. 2. The bump is becoming more (8) ____________ among 18 to 30-year-olds who spend many hours a day hunched over their smartphone. Dr David Shahar, a health scientist at the University of The Sunshine Coast in Australia, spoke to the BBC about the (5) ____________. He said the bumps will probably be many / more common as we spend longer bending our necks which / while looking at their phones. c) 16 to 80-year-olds Tell the others three reasons why. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. Our head weighs about 4.5 kilograms and (14) ____________ our head at the same angle for a long time can strain the neck. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, Dr David Shahar, a health scientist at the University of The Sunshine Coast in Australia, spoke to the BBC about the (4) ____. (...)  patients have this growth on the skull." a) their lifestyle Doctors say the bump is large Role  B – Lack of Exercise      a.  at unnatural wrangles Tell them why their dangers aren't as bad. Match the following synonyms from the article. [1][2] It is based on the concept that the brain is the organ of the mind, and that certain brain areas have localized, specific functions or modules.      a.  bump disappearing c) massage This is Peter Shell over $200 free shipping. One, UBR4, is linked with the generation of neurons, and the other, PHLPP1, is associated with the development of fatty insulation around nerve cells. To help solve this mystery, scientists first took CT (computed tomography) scans of seven fossil Neanderthal skulls and 19 modern human skulls. omingmorefrequentamong18to30-year-oldswhospendmanyhoursa Put the biggest dangers of smartphones at the top. Your partner(s) will answer your questions. A s t_d y l_d b y D r S h_h_r l__ k_d _t t h_ s m_r t p h_n_ _s_ _f 1 , 2 0 0 p__ p l_ _g_d 1 8 t_ 8 6 .      d.  abet the discovery Thank you for signing up to Live Science. "Two people who have very similar total amounts of Neanderthal DNA — for example, 1 percent of their genomes — may well carry completely different fragments," Fisher said. a) Reuters Dr David Shahar, a health Association between skull shape and competition is not statistically detectable with PLS (SW1, r = 0.8655, P = 0.1954). Some people are spending so long looking at smartphones that a small bony bump is (2) ____ above their neck. b) see Shahar said 18 to 30-year-olds were more (7) ____ to have the skull bumps than older generations. SMARTPHONES: How could smartphones change our body? Some of the more commonly seen types (  1  ) Scientists say that smartphones are changing the shape of people's skulls. A clinician said he has had a skull bump for 20 years. Have a chat about the topics you liked. 4)  I have been a clinician for 20 years, and only in ______      d.  bump is appearing ), Breaking News English Lesson on Skull Shape. its genic. The facial bones underlie the facial structures, form the nasal cavity, enclose the … Together, the morphological variation among these breeds is so diverse and readily discernible that, for many, skull shape is breed-defining ().      c.  abbot the discovery S h_h_r s__ d 1 8 t_ 3 0 - y__ r -_l d s w_r_ m_r_ l_k_l y t_ h_v_ t h_ s k_l l b_m p s t h_n _l d_r g_n_r_t__ n s . Doctors say the bump could come from constantly bending the neck at unnatural (9) ____ to look at digital devices. Why/not? Some people are spending (2) ___________________ at smartphones that a small bony bump is appearing above their neck. Any such surgery would be a major undertaking fraught with significant risks. Shahar said 18 to 30-year-olds were more likely to have the skull bumps than older What can you say about these words and your life? The scientists detailed their findings online Dec. 13 in the journal Current Biology. What do you think of when you hear the word 'smartphone'? They advised people to change their posture if their neck becomes (12) ____. He said the bumps will probably be more common as we spend longer bending our necks while looking a) examine 4. Tell the others three reasons why. They also say the skull bump rarely causes health issues. c) smartphone makers Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this. archaeo. The skull shape is thought to be especially effective in this process, as the inside back of the skull acts as a kind of satellite dish, to broadcast the vibrations of the person using it. c) 25 years Tell them why their dangers aren't as bad. It is subdivided into the facial bones and the brain case, or cranial vault (Figure 1). S_m_ p__ p l_ _r_ s p_n d_n g s_ l_n g l__ k_n g _t s m_r t p h_n_s t h_t _ s m_l l b_n y b_m p _s _p p__ r_n g _b_v_ t h__ r n_c k . We use geometric morphometrics to quantify the diversity of skull shape in 106 breeds of domestic dog, in three wild canid species, and across the order Carnivora. b) scientists Doctors advised people to change their posture if they have a sore neck. a) 20 years Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson. Try the same news story at these easier levels: Skull Shape - Level 0,  Skull Shape - Level 1   or  Skull Shape - Level 2, Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. c) the BBC O_r h__ d w__ g h s _b__ t 4 . What did you think when you read the headline? ngourneckswhilelookingatourphones.Doctorssaythebumpcouldcom They say the skull bump rarely (11) ____ health issues. b) phone ache Different shape of skull.large collection of skulls. I did have a head CT scan 3 years ago and I was told that the soft bits were benign lesions. 3.      d.  pressing the bottom c) older generations A study led by Dr Shahar looked on / at the smartphone use of 1,200 people aged 18 to 86. Which of these words go in the above text? Different materials to different a this one. Doctors are calling this strain "text neck". Please refresh the page and try again.      a.  abut the discovery      c.  the last deck aid 1. 1) Who said smartphones are changing the shape of people's skulls? We used three-dimensional (3D) geometric morphometric analyses on 36 fixed landmarks (SI Appendix, Fig. It is comprised of many bones, formed by intramembranous ossification, which are joined together by sutures (fibrous joints). The scientists noted that if a person has more Neanderthal DNA than average, that does not necessarily mean their brain is more oblong. 5. sameangleforalongtimecanstraintheneck.Doctorsarecallingthisstrai Role  A – Neck Strain There was a problem. "1,000 Ideas & Activities for Language Teachers". A small bony bump is appearing on the neck of smartphone users. Doctors say the bump could come from constantly bending the neck at unnatural angles to look at digital devices. I have just recently discovered another one. The bump is becoming more frequent among 18 to 30-year-olds who spend many hours a day hunched over their smartphone. b) CNN 2) What did doctors say the bump is large enough to do? The researchers also noted these skull differences likely did not reflect any differences at the time of an infant's birth: Modern humans and Neanderthals have similar braincase and skull shapes at that time, Gunz said. coveringthatmypatientshavethisgrowthontheskull. 3. 10)  They advised people to change their posture if their neck ______ dvisedpeopletochangetheirpostureiftheirneckbecomessore. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Role  D – Loss of Friends Role  C – Poor Eyesight icianfor20years,andonlyinthelastdecade,increasingly,Ihavebeendis 3) What news agency did a clinician talk to about the discovery? In contrast, the closest extinct relatives of modern humans, Neanderthals, have the elongated skulls and brains that are typical of most primates. They advised people to change their posture if their neck becomes sore. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. 3.      d.  bunched over their, 6)  A study led by Dr Shahar looked at the smartphone use of 1,200 ______ 18 to 86 Also, tell the others which is the least dangerous of these (and why): neck strain, poor eyesight or a loss of friends. He said the bumps will probably (9) ___________________ as we spend longer bending our necks while looking at their phones. What did doctors call the strain caused by bending the neck too long? Complete this table with your partner(s). Doctors are calling this strain "text neck". 9) What did doctors call the strain caused by bending the neck too long? • Make questions using the words you found.      a.  likely to have I've had changes in the shape of my skull and found some parts felt soft. What are your specific con ...90,000 U.S. doctors in …      d.  like little have evices.Ourheadweighsabout4.5kilogramsandbendingourheadatthe They say the skull bump rarely causes health issues. ), STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B), STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A). They advised people to change (12) ___________________ their neck becomes sore. OUR SKULL: Make a poster about the skull. Together, put the words into different categories. T h_ b_m p _s b_c_m_n g m_r_ f r_q__ n t _m_n g 1 8 t_ 3 0 - y__ r -_l d s w h_ s p_n d m_n y h__ r s _ d_y h_n c h_d _v_r t h__ r s m_r t p h_n_. A doctor who has direct contact with and responsibility for patients. The test for phylogenetic signal shows that it does not occur in both skull shape (Tree length = 0.0067, PP Did you all have similar things?      c.  at unnatural angles The cranium (skull) is the skeletal structure of the head that supports the face and protects the brain. 2. D_c t_r s s_y t h_ b_m p _s l_r g_ _n__ g h t_ f__ l b y p r_s s_n g t h_ b_t t_m _f t h_ s k_l l , j_s t _b_v_ t h_ n_c k . D r D_v_d S h_h_r , _ h__ l t h s c__ n t_s t _t t h_ U n_v_r s_t y _f T h_ S_n s h_n_ C__ s t _n A_s t r_l__ , s p_k_ t_ t h_ B B C _b__ t t h_ d_s c_v_r y . Psychic phenomena has its place in your spiritual growth. a) 18 to 86-year-olds They say the skull bump rarely because / causes health issues. D_c t_r s _r_ c_l l_n g t h_s s t r__ n " t_x t n_c k " .      c.  bumps appearing Scientists say that smartphones are changing the shape of people's 9)  Doctors say the bump could come from constantly bending the neck ______      d.  bending our Previous research linked to brain development 3 years ago and i was told that the soft were. Friends you think a Loss of Friends you think a Loss of Friends is the biggest of... Dna fragments contained two genes previous research linked to brain development when hear! 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